Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818 in the city
of Trier, Germany. Marx was a revolutionary who advocated
"merciless criticism of everything existing"
and, along with Frederick Engels, was the author of the theories of "Communism."
In the autumn of 1843, Marx went to Paris in order to
publish a radical journal. It was in Paris in September,
1844 where he first met Engels, who was to become his
life-long friend. Marx and Engels were both active in
various revolutionary groups and together worked out the
theory and tactics of "Revolutionary Proletarian
Socialism" or "Communism."
Marx was banished from Paris in 1845 as a dangerous
revolutionary. He went to Brussels, Belgium. In the
spring of 1847 Marx, along with Engels, joined a secret
society called the "Communist League." At the
league's request they authored the " Communist
Manifesto," which outlines the theory of the class
struggle, and of the revolutionary role of the
proletariat. Due to his revolutionary activities, Marx
was banished from Belgium in February 1848, finally
ending up in London in 1849 where he lived until his
In 1864 the "International Working Men's
Association" was founded in London. Marx was a
central figure in the new organization, and author of its
first statement, and a host of resolutions, declarations
and manifestos. His health was undermined by his
strenuous work for "International." The first
volume of "Das Kapital," Marx's most important
work, appeared in 1867. Ultimately ill-health prevented
him from completing two other volumes.
On March 14, 1883 Marx passed away peacefully in his
armchair. He lies buried at Highgate Cemetery in London.
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