Anthony Trollope (1815-1882)
A contemporary of Charles Dickens, Trollope was a prolific author of essays, travel books, and novels. He is best known for his depictions of upper-class English life and satires of the political and religious establishment.
Anthony Trollope was born in London. His father, a fellow of New College, Oxford, failed both as a lawyer and as a farmer. The family's poverty embarrased Trollope during his education at the prestigious schools of Harrow and Winchester, where sometimes his parents could not afford to pay their son's school fees. After financial troubles the family moved to Belgium, but returned to England when Anthony's father died. His mother, Frances Trollope (1780-1863), took her three youngest children to America to assist in the founding of a utopian community in New Harmony, Indiana. The venture failed and she travelled for fifteen months in America. In 1832, back in England, she published Domestic Manners of the Americans, which gained success, and she was able to support her family through her writing.
Anthony joined the Post Office in 1834, at age 19, working at first as a clerk. In 1841, he became postal surveyor in Ireland. After his marriage to Rose Heseltine in 1844, Trollope set up a house at Clonmel, where he began to write. His first book, The MacDermots of Ballycloran, was published in 1847. His first novel in the Barsetshire series, The Warden, appeared in 1855, and was followed by other successful novels: Barchester Towers (1857), Framley Parsonage (1861), and The Last Chronicle of Barset (1867).
Trollope worked for the Post Office for 33 years. On Post Office business he travelled in Egypt, the West Indies, and the United States, and by the end of his professional career Trollope had became a successful civil servant. Among his achievements is the introduction of the red British mail boxes for letters, known as "pillar-boxes." Before the introduction of mailboxes one had to go to the Post Office to mail a letter.
In 1859, Trollope moved back to London and resigned from the Post Office in 1867. He ran for Parliament, in 1868, but was unsuccessful.
Between the years 1867 and 1870 he edited the St. Paul's Magazine. In 1869, Trollope began a series of political novels, known as the Palliser series, including Phineas Finn (1869), The Eustace Diamonds (1873), Phineas Redux (1876), The Prime Minister (1876), and The Duke's Children (1880). Among his other later novels were The Way We Live Now (1875) and Mr. Scarborough's Family, which was published posthumously in 1883. In all, Trollope published some 40 novels, short stories, travel books, and essays.
The Classical Library,